ADC Driver

QMK can leverage the Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) on supported MCUs to measure voltages on certain pins. This can be useful for implementing things such as battery level indicators for Bluetooth keyboards, or volume controls using a potentiometer, as opposed to a rotary encoder.

This driver is currently AVR-only. The values returned are 10-bit integers (0-1023) mapped between 0V and VCC (usually 5V or 3.3V).

Usage

To use this driver, add the following to your rules.mk:

SRC += analog.c

Then place this include at the top of your code:

#include "analog.h"

Channels

Channel

AT90USB64/128

ATmega16/32U4

ATmega32A

ATmega328P

0

F0

F0

A0

C0

1

F1

F1

A1

C1

2

F2

A2

C2

3

F3

A3

C3

4

F4

F4

A4

C4

5

F5

F5

A5

C5

6

F6

F6

A6

*

7

F7

F7

A7

*

8

D4

9

D6

10

D7

11

B4

12

B5

13

B6

* The ATmega328P possesses two extra ADC channels; however, they are not present on the DIP pinout, and are not shared with GPIO pins. You can use adc_read() directly to gain access to these.

Functions

Function

Description

analogReference(mode)

Sets the analog voltage reference source. Must be one of ADC_REF_EXTERNAL, ADC_REF_POWER or ADC_REF_INTERNAL.

analogRead(pin)

Reads the value from the specified Arduino pin, eg. 4 for ADC6 on the ATmega32U4.

analogReadPin(pin)

Reads the value from the specified QMK pin, eg. F6 for ADC6 on the ATmega32U4.

pinToMux(pin)

Translates a given QMK pin to a mux value. If an unsupported pin is given, returns the mux value for "0V (GND)".

adc_read(mux)

Reads the value from the ADC according to the specified mux. See your MCU's datasheet for more information.