The full syntax of the
make command is
<keyboard_folder> is the path of the keyboard, for example
all to compile all keyboards
Specify the path to compile a revision, for example
If the keyboard doesn't have any folders, it can be left out
To compile the default folder, you can leave it out
<keymap> is the name of the keymap, for example
all to compile all keymaps
<target> will be explained in more detail below.
<target> means the following
If no target is given, then it's the same as
all compiles as many keyboard/revision/keymap combinations as specified. For example,
make planck/rev4:default will generate a single .hex, while
make planck/rev4:all will generate a hex for every keymap available to the planck.
bootloadHID compile and upload the firmware to the keyboard. If the compilation fails, then nothing will be uploaded. The programmer to use depends on the keyboard. For most keyboards it's
dfu, but for ChibiOS keyboards you should use
teensy for standard Teensys. To find out which command you should use for your keyboard, check the keyboard specific readme.
Note: some operating systems need root access for these commands to work, so in that case you need to run for example
sudo make planck/rev4:default:flash.
clean, cleans the build output folders to make sure that everything is built from scratch. Run this before normal compilation if you have some unexplainable problems.
You can also add extra options at the end of the make command line, after the target
make COLOR=false - turns off color output
make SILENT=true - turns off output besides errors/warnings
make VERBOSE=true - outputs all of the gcc stuff (not interesting, unless you need to debug)
make EXTRAFLAGS=-E - Preprocess the code without doing any compiling (useful if you are trying to debug #define commands)
The make command itself also has some additional options, type
make --help for more information. The most useful is probably
-jx, which specifies that you want to compile using more than one CPU, the
x represents the number of CPUs that you want to use. Setting that can greatly reduce the compile times, especially if you are compiling many keyboards/keymaps. I usually set it to one less than the number of CPUs that I have, so that I have some left for doing other things while it's compiling. Note that not all operating systems and make versions supports that option.
Here are some examples commands
make all:all builds everything (all keyboard folders, all keymaps). Running just
make from the
root will also run this.
make ergodox_infinity:algernon:clean will clean the build output of the Ergodox Infinity keyboard.
make planck/rev4:default:flash COLOR=false builds and uploads the keymap without color output.
Set these variables to
no to disable them, and
yes to enable them.
This allows you to hold a key and the salt key (space by default) and have access to a various EEPROM settings that persist over power loss. It's advised you keep this disabled, as the settings are often changed by accident, and produce confusing results that makes it difficult to debug. It's one of the more common problems encountered in help sessions.
This gives you control over cursor movements and clicks via keycodes/custom functions.
This allows you to use the system and audio control key codes.
This allows you to print messages that can be read using
By default, all debug (dprint) print (print, xprintf), and user print (uprint) messages will be enabled. This will eat up a significant portion of the flash and may make the keyboard .hex file too big to program.
To disable debug messages (dprint) and reduce the .hex file size, include
#define NO_DEBUG in your
To disable print messages (print, xprintf) and user print messages (uprint) and reduce the .hex file size, include
#define NO_PRINT in your
To disable print messages (print, xprintf) and KEEP user print messages (uprint), include
#define USER_PRINT in your
config.h file (do not also include
#define NO_PRINT in this case).
To see the text, open
hid_listen and enjoy looking at your printed messages.
NOTE: Do not include uprint messages in anything other than your keymap code. It must not be used within the QMK system framework. Otherwise, you will bloat other people's .hex files.
This enables magic commands, typically fired with the default magic key combo
LSHIFT+RSHIFT+KEY. Magic commands include turning on debugging messages (
MAGIC+D) or temporarily toggling NKRO (
Enables your LED to breath while your computer is sleeping. Timer1 is being used here. This feature is largely unused and untested, and needs updating/abstracting.
This allows the keyboard to tell the host OS that up to 248 keys are held down at once (default without NKRO is 6). NKRO is off by default, even if
NKRO_ENABLE is set. NKRO can be forced by adding
#define FORCE_NKRO to your config.h or by binding
MAGIC_TOGGLE_NKRO to a key and then hitting the key.
This enables the in-switch LED backlighting. You can specify the backlight pin by putting this in your
#define BACKLIGHT_PIN B7
This enables MIDI sending and receiving with your keyboard. To enter MIDI send mode, you can use the keycode
MI_OFF to turn it off. This is a largely untested feature, but more information can be found in the
This allows you to send Unicode characters using
UC(<code point>) in your keymap. Code points up to
0x7FFF are supported. This covers characters for most modern languages, as well as symbols, but it doesn't cover emoji.
This allows you to send Unicode characters using
X(<map index>) in your keymap. You will need to maintain a mapping table in your keymap file. All possible code points (up to
0x10FFFF) are supported.
This allows you to send Unicode characters by inputting a mnemonic corresponding to the character you want to send. You will need to maintain a mapping table in your keymap file. All possible code points (up to
0x10FFFF) are supported.
For further details, as well as limitations, see the Unicode page.
This allows you to interface with a Bluefruit EZ-key to send keycodes wirelessly. It uses the D2 and D3 pins.
This allows you output audio on the C6 pin (needs abstracting). See the audio page for more information.
Uses buzzer to emulate clicky switches. A cheap imitation of the Cherry blue switches. By default, uses the C6 pin, same as
Use this to debug changes to variable values, see the tracing variables section of the Unit Testing page for more information.
This enables using the Quantum SYSEX API to send strings (somewhere?)
This enables key lock.
This enables split keyboard support (dual MCU like the let's split and bakingpy's boards) and includes all necessary files located at quantum/split_common
As there is no standard split communication driver for ARM-based split keyboards yet,
SPLIT_TRANSPORT = custom must be used for these. It will prevent the standard split keyboard communication code (which is AVR-specific) from being included, allowing a custom implementation to be used.
Lets you replace the default matrix scanning routine with your own code. For further details, see the Custom Matrix page.
Lets you replace the default key debouncing routine with an alternative one. If
custom you will need to provide your own implementation.
If your keymap directory has a file called
rules.mk any options you set in that file will take precedence over other
rules.mk options for your particular keyboard.
So let's say your keyboard's
BACKLIGHT_ENABLE = yes. You want your particular keyboard to not have the backlight, so you make a file called
rules.mk and specify
BACKLIGHT_ENABLE = no.