'serial' Driver

This driver powers the Split Keyboard feature.

?> Serial in this context should be read as sending information one bit at a time, rather than implementing UART/USART/RS485/RS232 standards.

All drivers in this category have the following characteristics:

  • Provides data and signaling over a single conductor

  • Limited to single master, single slave

Supported Driver Types



bit bang



USART Half-duplex


Driver configuration


Default driver, the absence of configuration assumes this driver. To configure it, add this to your rules.mk:


Configure the driver via your config.h:

#define SOFT_SERIAL_PIN D0 // or D1, D2, D3, E6
#define SELECT_SOFT_SERIAL_SPEED 1 // or 0, 2, 3, 4, 5
// 0: about 189kbps (Experimental only)
// 1: about 137kbps (default)
// 2: about 75kbps
// 3: about 39kbps
// 4: about 26kbps
// 5: about 20kbps


!> The bitbang driver causes connection issues with bitbang WS2812 driver

Along with the generic options above, you must also turn on the PAL_USE_CALLBACKS feature in your halconf.h.

USART Half-duplex

Targeting STM32 boards where communication is offloaded to a USART hardware device. The advantage is that this provides fast and accurate timings. SOFT_SERIAL_PIN for this driver is the configured USART TX pin. The TX pin must have appropriate pull-up resistors. To configure it, add this to your rules.mk:


Configure the hardware via your config.h:

#define SOFT_SERIAL_PIN B6 // USART TX pin
#define SELECT_SOFT_SERIAL_SPEED 1 // or 0, 2, 3, 4, 5
// 0: about 460800 baud
// 1: about 230400 baud (default)
// 2: about 115200 baud
// 3: about 57600 baud
// 4: about 38400 baud
// 5: about 19200 baud
#define SERIAL_USART_DRIVER SD1 // USART driver of TX pin. default: SD1
#define SERIAL_USART_TX_PAL_MODE 7 // Pin "alternate function", see the respective datasheet for the appropriate values for your MCU. default: 7
#define SERIAL_USART_TIMEOUT 100 // USART driver timeout. default 100

You must also enable the ChibiOS SERIAL feature:

  • In your board's halconf.h: #define HAL_USE_SERIAL TRUE

  • In your board's mcuconf.h: #define STM32_SERIAL_USE_USARTn TRUE (where 'n' matches the peripheral number of your selected USART on the MCU)

Do note that the configuration required is for the SERIAL peripheral, not the UART peripheral.